Two-point perspective is used when the artist is looking at the corner of an object. It can be combined with objects using 1 point linear perspective. It should always be combined with aerial perspective techniques in order to create the illusion of depth and distance in a painting.
- Start by creating a horizon line parallel with the top and bottom of the canvas. This represents eye level (where the artist is standing)
Do not create a horizon line that divides the painting in half.
I usually make mine 1/3 of the way from the bottom (implying a very tall artist or an artist who is standing on a hill or ladder) or 1/3 of the way from the top (implying a very short artist or an artist who is laying down).
My rule of thumb for horizon lines – if I want to emphasize the sky, make a low horizon; if I want to emphasize objects on land, make a high horizon.
- Next create vanishing points on either side of the horizon.
On smaller paintings, the vanishing points may appear off the edge of the canvas.
You can make allowances for this by placing a piece of masking tape on the table top where you are drawing and draw the vanishing points on the masking tape.
Placing objects too far away from the horizon line on a painting will make them appear skewed. This is a good indication that your vanishing points are too close together and you will either need to adjust them off of the sides of the canvas or place your objects closer to the horizon line.
- Draw a line parallel with the sides of the canvas. This is the corner of your object.
- Connect the line with each of the vanishing points.
- Finish your cube by drawing the sides (parallel with the sides of your canvas) and the top an bottom (parallel with the top and bottom of the canvas.