Linear perspective is used to give the illusion of depth and distance in a painting. 1 point linear perspective is used when objects are directly parallel with the artist.
For this lesson you will need:
- Ruler (optional)
- Pen or pencil
Start by drawing a horizontal line across the entire page. This is called the horizon line and it represents the artist’s eye level. If the horizon line is high on the page, the artist is standing on a hill or a chair; if it is low, the artist is laying or sitting down.
DO NOT put the horizon line in the middle of the painting because it cuts the painting in half.
Next mark a point on the horizon line called the vanishing point. Again, locate the vanishing point about 1/3 of the distance from the right or left of the canvas rather than in the center to avoid cutting the painting in half.
Now, draw squares or rectangles at different positions on your painting. The sides of the squares must be parallel and perpendicular to the sides of the painting.
Draw lines from the corners of each box to the vanishing point.
Add sides, top and bottom and you are done!!!
I don’t recommend using a ruler and T-square when creating a painting; this makes the painting look more like an architectural drawing than a painting.
Combine aerial and linear perspective in your paintings and you will have realistic paintings that give the illusion of depth and distance.